3 Technical Selection Schemes for IoT Platform Development — Practical Experience from ZedIoT

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In the rapidly evolving digital age, Internet of Things (IoT) technology is increasingly applied across various industries, from smart homes and industrial automation to smart cities and environmental monitoring, demonstrating vast potential. However, to fully leverage the data generated by these devices, a robust and reliable IoT platform is essential. Choosing the right IoT platform is critical to the success of any IoT project.

As a pioneer in IoT solutions, ZedIoT has extensive experience in developing and managing IoT platforms. Whether integrating with a public cloud IoT platform, custom developing an open-source IoT platform, or fully customizing an IoT platform development, ZedIoT can provide efficient and innovative solutions to meet the specific needs of different enterprises. In this blog post, we will explore three common technical selection schemes for IoT platform development and discuss ZedIoT's professional practices and success stories in these areas.

Key Criteria for Choosing an IoT Platform Development

Before deciding on which IoT platform to adopt, enterprises need to evaluate and choose based on their business needs, technical base, and long-term strategy. Generally, we recommend considering the following key criteria:

  1. Cost-effectiveness: Considering the return on investment, choosing a cost-effective platform is crucial. This includes not only the initial infrastructure investment but also long-term maintenance and upgrade costs.
  2. Scalability: The platform should support business growth and expansion, capable of managing connections from dozens to millions of devices and handling large-scale data input.
  3. Security: With frequent data breaches, security has become a very important criterion for choosing an IoT platform. The platform needs to provide robust security measures to protect sensitive data from attacks.
  4. Customization Capability: A good IoT platform should allow enterprises to customize features according to specific needs, including data processing, analysis, and presentation.

At ZedIoT, we help clients start from these standards to choose or customize the best IoT platform that fits their business needs. Next, we will delve into three different technical selection schemes.

Three Common Technical Selection Schemes for IoT Platform Development

When choosing an IoT platform, enterprises typically face a variety of technical options, each with its unique features and applicable scenarios. Here is a detailed introduction and comparison of three common IoT platform development schemes:

1. Public Cloud IoT Platforms

Public cloud IoT platforms like AWS IoT, Google Cloud IoT Core, and Microsoft Azure IoT Hub offer comprehensive services including device connectivity, data processing, and application development platforms. Thanks to their robust global infrastructure networks, these platforms can provide stable service and high scalability.


  • High Scalability: Public cloud platforms can support connections ranging from dozens to millions of devices and handle large-scale data input.
  • High Dependency: The stability and security of the platform heavily depend on the provider.
  • Operational Costs: Although they have the advantage of lower initial investment, the long-term operational costs are high, especially for data transmission and storage costs.
  • Market Trends:
  • In recent years, some public cloud IoT platform providers have started to exit this field due to market and cost considerations. For example, some smaller cloud service providers have struggled to sustain their IoT services in a highly competitive market.

2. Open Source IoT Platforms

Open source IoT platforms such as ThingsBoard, Node-RED, and Mosquitto offer a flexible and cost-effective choice. The open-source nature of these platforms means users can freely modify and extend the platform's capabilities to fit specific needs.


  • High Customizability: Users can customize and optimize according to their needs.
  • Cost Control: There are no expensive licensing fees, and maintenance and upgrade costs are relatively low.
  • Community Support: An active open source community provides technical support and continuous feature updates.
  • Representative Examples:
  • ThingsBoard: Provides device management, data collection, visualization, and device control functions, supports multiple database systems, suitable for complex device networks.
  • Node-RED: A flow-based development tool that allows users to connect different devices and services through drag-and-drop, ideal for rapid prototyping.
  • Mosquitto: A lightweight MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport) server suitable for small to medium-sized IoT applications.

3. Fully Customized IoT Platform Development

For enterprises with specific advanced needs, choosing to fully customize the development of an IoT platform may be the most appropriate solution. This method allows businesses to design and implement each feature based on their specific requirements, thus having complete control over the entire platform architecture and data flow.


  • Complete Requirement Compliance: Can tailor each feature to fit specific business processes and needs.
  • Independence and Flexibility: Enterprises are not dependent on any external platform, have complete control, and can freely choose their technology stack and data storage solutions.
  • Long-term Costs: Although the initial investment is significant, it can save on licensing fees and the cost of custom-developing other solutions in the long run.
  • Considerations:
  • Development and Maintenance Costs: Significant technical expertise and financial investment are required, the development cycle is long, and maintenance costs are high.
  • Technical Risks: The complexity of technical implementation may pose high technical risks and challenges.

Table: Comparison of IoT Platform Technical Selection Schemes

Scheme TypeFeaturesAdvantagesDisadvantages
Public Cloud IoTHigh scalability, high dependency, high operational costsQuick deployment, infrastructure managed by supplier, easy to scaleHigh long-term costs, strong platform dependency, some providers exiting market
Open Source IoTHigh customizability, cost control, community supportHigh cost-efficiency, strong customizability, active technical supportHigh technical demand, self-maintenance and upgrade required
Fully CustomizedCompletely meets requirements, high independence and flexibilityFull control, highly meets specific business needs, one-time investmentHigh initial costs, complex maintenance, significant technical risks and challenges

This detailed comparison can help enterprises choose the most suitable IoT platform development scheme based on their specific circumstances and capabilities.

Analysis of Applicable Scenarios

After a detailed discussion of three common IoT platform development technology selection schemes, let's further explore the applicable scenarios for each option and other key factors that companies should consider during the selection process.

  1. Public Cloud IoT Platforms
  • Applicable Scenarios: Suitable for startups or small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) seeking rapid deployment and lower initial investments. Public cloud platforms can offer these companies quick market entry strategies and minimal operational requirements.
  • Example: A startup smart home company could use Google Cloud IoT Core to quickly establish cloud connectivity for its products without the need to build extensive server infrastructure.
  1. Open Source IoT Platforms
  • Applicable Scenarios: Best for companies with strong technical capabilities that desire full technological autonomy and high customizability. Open source platforms offer great flexibility and are suitable for complex projects that require specific functionality.
  • Example: A manufacturing company might choose ThingsBoard because they need specific data processing workflows and complex device management systems that can be easily implemented through customizing an open-source platform.
  1. Fully Customized Development
  • Applicable Scenarios: Large enterprises or those with specific needs that require complete control over their platform to comply with strict industry standards or integrate complex business processes.
  • Example: A large energy company might need a fully customized IoT platform that can integrate closely with its existing ERP system while adhering to specific security standards.

Other Considerations

  • Technical Support and Services: When choosing an IoT platform, considering the quality and responsiveness of the vendor’s technical support and customer services is crucial.
  • Updates and Maintenance: Understanding the platform's update frequency and maintenance policies is important. Opt for platforms that offer regular updates and robust backend support to ensure long-term stability.
  • Security Considerations: Especially when handling sensitive data, it’s critical to carefully evaluate the security features and compliance of the platform.
  • Cost Analysis: Consider the total cost of ownership (TCO), including initial deployment costs, operational costs, and potential costs for upgrades and expansions.

By conducting a thorough comparison and analysis of these technology options, businesses can better understand each one’s strengths and limitations, thereby making more informed decisions. In choosing the right IoT platform, it’s crucial to consider the specific needs, technical capabilities, and long-term goals of the enterprise. Such choices not only affect the initial implementation of IoT projects but also have far-reaching impacts on the company's technological progress and market competitiveness.

Practical Selection Strategies

Next, let's delve into some practical strategies and recommendations to consider when choosing an IoT platform to help enterprises make better decisions and ensure that the chosen platform maximally meets their business needs.

Exploration and Testing

Before making a final decision, conducting thorough market research and preliminary testing is invaluable. Companies should:

  • Market Research: Study and compare the market performance, user feedback, and expert reviews of different IoT platforms.
  • Functional Testing: Carry out small-scale pilot projects to test the actual operational efficiency and stability of the platform and whether it meets specific business needs.

Long-term Perspective

Choosing an IoT platform is not just a technological choice but also a long-term investment. Considering future business growth and technological upgrades, companies should:

  • Scalability Considerations: Ensure the platform can accommodate future increases in devices and data volumes.
  • Technological Foresight: Evaluate whether the platform keeps up with the latest technologies, such as AI and machine learning, which can significantly enhance data processing and analysis capabilities.

Cost and ROI Analysis

  • Comprehensive Cost Analysis: Calculate the total investment cost, including initial setup fees, operational maintenance costs, and potential upgrade expenses.
  • ROI Estimation: Forecast the return on investment by assessing aspects such as reduced operational costs, improved operational efficiency, and increased revenue.

Suggestions and Tips

When choosing an IoT platform, the following suggestions might be helpful for businesses:

  1. Prioritize Data Security: Opt for platforms that offer advanced encryption and multi-layered security protections to ensure the safety of data transmission and storage.
  2. Focus on Customer Support and Services: Excellent customer service can significantly reduce technical barriers and improve operational efficiency, especially when issues arise with the platform.
  3. Consider Openness and Compatibility: A platform with good openness can integrate more easily with other systems, and a platform with strong compatibility can support a variety of devices and services, which is crucial for future expansions.
  4. Evaluate the Vendor's Stability and Reputation: A long-term supplier should have a good market stability and business reputation.

Through the above analysis and suggestions, businesses can choose an IoT platform that fits their needs more systematically and scientifically. The right choice can not only enhance the efficiency of business operations but also maintain a lead in a competitive market.

ZedIoT's Practical Experience in Technology Selection

After discussing various technological options for developing IoT platforms, let’s look at how ZedIoT utilizes its unique advantages to provide outstanding services and solutions. ZedIoT is not only proficient in developing and integrating various IoT platforms, but more importantly, the company can offer customized development at the business layer according to the specific needs of clients, ensuring highly adaptable solutions and business value.

Technical Expertise and Custom Development Capabilities

ZedIoT has a team composed of experienced engineers and technical experts who possess deep technical expertise and broad industry knowledge in the IoT sector. This allows ZedIoT to demonstrate strong competitiveness in the following areas:

  • Highly Customized Solutions: ZedIoT excels in analyzing clients' business processes and technical requirements to customize complete IoT solutions. This includes customization throughout the entire process from device selection and system design to platform implementation and ongoing support.
  • Custom Development at the Business Layer: Unlike other companies that offer standardized products, ZedIoT focuses on developing business layer software with specific functions for each client, ensuring that each function precisely meets the client’s unique needs.

Comprehensive Service System

ZedIoT's service system covers every stage of a project, ensuring that each project is completed on time and with high quality:

  • Full Lifecycle Project Management: Utilizing advanced international project management methods, from the initiation to the completion of the project, every step is well-scheduled and meets quality standards.
  • Continuous Technical Support: Provides 24/7 technical support and regular system maintenance to help clients address any technical issues that might arise during operations.
  • Training and Education: Offers comprehensive training to clients' technical and operational teams to ensure they can effectively use and maintain the new system.

Success Stories

ZedIoT has successfully delivered IoT solutions to multiple enterprises globally, covering areas from smart manufacturing and smart cities to environmental monitoring. By collaborating with ZedIoT, these companies have not only improved operational efficiency and reduced costs but also established leading positions in their respective industries.

  • Smart Manufacturing Solutions: Custom-developed a complete production line monitoring system for a large automotive manufacturer, which optimizes production efficiency through real-time data analysis and significantly reduces downtime due to malfunctions.
  • Environmental Monitoring Project: Provided a sophisticated environmental monitoring platform for a national reserve, capable of monitoring and analyzing various environmental indicators to help managers respond promptly to potential environmental risks.

From the discussion above, we can see ZedIoT's comprehensive strengths in the field of IoT platform development. Whether it's technical prowess, custom development capabilities, or successful project examples, ZedIoT has proven itself to be a reliable partner. Choosing ZedIoT means gaining the most professional service and the most suitable IoT solutions to help your business achieve digital transformation and innovative development.